Sunday, October 20, 2019
The Meaning of Nani in Japanese
The Meaning of 'Nani' in Japanese The word naniÃ Ã¤ ½â¢ (Ã£ ªÃ£ «) in Japanese means what. And depending on the situation, you might, instead, useÃ nan (Ã£ ªÃ£ââ). Which term you use depends on the context, in particular, whether you are speaking or writing formally or informally. The sentences below are listed first in a transliteration of the Japanese phrase or sentence, followed by the spelling in Japanese characters- usingÃ kanji,Ã hiragana, orÃ katakanaÃ as appropriate- followed by the translation in English. Where indicated, click on the link to bring up a sound file and hear how to correctly pronounce the word or sentence in Japanese. Using Nani or Nan in a Sentence Nani is the more formal and polite term to use when asking a question, as in: NaniÃ woÃ suruÃ tsumoriÃ desu ka? (Ã£ ªÃ£ « Ã£ââ Ã£ â¢Ã£ââ¹ Ã£ ¤Ã£ââÃ£âÅ Ã£ §Ã£ â¢ Ã£ â¹) Ã What do you intend to do? or What are you planning to do? In more casual situations it wouldÃ beÃ fine to use nan. As a general rule,Ã if the word following what begins with a syllable from the t, n, and d groups, use nan, as in: Nandeshou? (Ã£ ªÃ£ââÃ£ §Ã£ â"Ã£ââ¡Ã£ â ) What do you want? More on Using Nan vs. Nani Nan is used beforeÃ particles.Ã A particle is a word that shows the relationship of a word, phrase, or clauseÃ to the rest of the sentence.Ã Particles are added to the end of sentences toÃ express the speakerÃ or writersÃ emotions, such as doubt, emphasis, caution, hesitation, wonder, or admiration. You might useÃ nanÃ with a phrase such as /Ã£ ®, /Ã£ § (which means of the and is pronounced no de)Ã and verb da/desu (Ã¦â°âÃ£ §Ã£ â¢ ), meaning it is hitting or it is striking. Nani is used before: /Ã£ â¹ (meaning or and pronounced as ka)Ã and /Ã£ « (meaning into a and pronounced as ni). Be careful when you use nan because, for example, if you useÃ nanÃ before kaÃ (/Ã£ â¹), which means or, it would sound like the word nankaÃ (Ã£ ªÃ£ââÃ£ â¹), which means things like. Another example would be if you were to useÃ nan withÃ ni (/Ã£ «), it would be nanniÃ (Ã£ ªÃ£ââÃ£ «), meaning why, but this sounds very much like nannimoÃ (Ã£ ªÃ£ââÃ£ «Ã£ââ), which translates as nothing at all. Using Nani or Nan in Context You might useÃ naniÃ orÃ nanÃ in a restaurant. Depending on whether you are at a formal business luncheon or a casual eatery, you might use either of these terms. For example, at fast food eatery you might say: Osusume wa nan desu ka.Ã (Ã£ Å Ã¥â¹ §Ã£â Ã£ ¯Ã¤ ½â¢Ã£ §Ã£ â¢Ã£ â¹) What do you recommend?Are wa nan desu ka. (Ã£ âÃ£âÅ'Ã£ ¯Ã¤ ½â¢Ã£ §Ã£ â¢Ã£ â¹Ã£â¬â) What is that?Ã If you are at a more formal eatery, but you dont know what to order, you might ask a fellow diner: Nani ga oishii desu ka. (Ã¤ ½â¢Ã£ Å'Ã£ Å Ã£ âÃ£ â"Ã£ âÃ£ §Ã£ â¢Ã£ â¹Ã£â¬â) What is good? If you are traveling on a train and need to ask for help from a stranger or train conductor, that would be considered a more formal situation in Japan. Thus, you would useÃ naniÃ and might say: TsugiÃ waÃ naniÃ ekiÃ desu ka.Ã (Ã¦ ¬ ¡Ã£ ¯Ã¤ ½â¢Ã© §â¦Ã£ §Ã£ â¢Ã£ â¹Ã£â¬â) What is the next station? However, if you are traveling with a friend, you might use Ã the informalÃ nan, as in: Nan-jiÃ niÃ demasuÃ ka.Ã (Ã¤ ½â¢Ã¦â¢âÃ£ «Ã¥â¡ ºÃ£ ¾Ã£ â¢Ã£ â¹Ã£â¬â) Ã What time does it leave?